At the initial HIV care visit, providers should test all sexually active persons with HIV infection for curable STDs (e.g., syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia) and perform testing at least annually during the course of HIV care (12). Specific testing includes syphilis serology and NAAT for N. gonorrhoeae and C. trachomatis at the anatomic site of exposure, as the preferred approach. Women with HIV infection should also be screened for trichomonas at the initial visit and annually thereafter. Women should be screened for cervical cancer precursor lesions by cervical Pap tests per existing guidelines (247).
More frequent screening for curable STDs might be appropriate depending on individual risk behaviors and the local epidemiology of STDs. Many STDs are asymptomatic, and their diagnosis might indicate risk behavior that should prompt referral for partner services and prevention counseling (10). Pathogen-specific sections of this document provide more detailed information on screening, testing, and treatment.